Somalia’s civil war has played a major role in the countries past and has continued to contribute to Somalia’s current climate. The long lasting civil war helped bring about the rise of a number of violent extremist groups essentially making Somalia a breeding ground for international terrorism. The civil war occurred primarily because of Tribal/Faction leaders struggling against each other for control over territory and additional power. This conflict became increasingly violent as the central Somali government completely collapsed leading to complete chaos and anarchy. The violent civil war thus became a serious concern to not only the regional actors but also a great deal of the international community for fear of a complete failed state.
The risk of increased international terrorism in an essentially failed state also forced Somalia into the eye of the international community. The most involved regional actors included neighboring countries of Ethiopia and Kenya. Kenya is arguably one of the most stable states in the region and intervened in the situation mostly in a multilateral approach with the African Union and the United States. Kenya provided military troops to assist in the protection and continued stabilization of the Transitional Government, which was put in place by the international community to keep Somalia and its people together. On the other hand, Ethiopia became one of the most active regional actors dealing with Somalia’s civil war as they were visibly concerned about their border security. Ethiopian troops were heavily involved in counterterrorism and counterinsurgency efforts along the border and in conjunction with the African Union. Ethiopia also provided a great deal of military support throughout Somalia’s transition to its current central government.
In terms of international actors, the United States is the front-runner and has been the most involved throughout the entire conflict. The United States provided military and financial support throughout the entire conflict with a short lapse after the black hawk down disaster. The United States has also acted primarily out of a multi lateral approach with both the United Nations and the African Union. Western nations have followed suit primarily giving humanitarian aid to help stabilize Somalia and assist its struggling economy. The roles of international organizations also come into play, as they have been the primary actors within Somalia and are relied upon by international state actors as well as regional actors to provide the bulk of assistance in helping resolve the violent conflict.
The situation in Somalia is still highly tumulus due to this civil war with the United States in particular is still combating violent extremism through covert operations. The Somali government has not been able to take full control and gain the trust of Somali citizens because of all the chaos that occurred during the civil war and will need the continued support of international actors to survive. Somalia’s violent history is a major reason for this current turmoil.