Journal 2: Institutions

The political institution in Morocco can be characterized as a constitutional monarchy. The monarch within the system is restricted by the constitution, which has evolved with time. The constitution of Morocco was established in 1962, but was adjusted to improve its civil rights sections. Currently Mohammed VI serves as King of Morocco after his father, King Hassan II, reigned. Abdelillah Benkirane now serves as the Prime Minister. Benkirane works closely with Mohammed VI for special cases. Morocco has progressed in recent history towards a more liberal democratic system. A multi-party system allows different political parties to run and have the capacity to win the candidacy. However, the political liberties in Morocco have developed slower than other aspects of the system.

Morocco’s multi-party system ensures that parties can run and win positions individually or as coalitions. During election time the political liberties civilians and politicians have are strained. There is a general notion of the government holding all power, which can be tied to phone tapping or corrupt acts under the rule of Mohammed VI. The government had close to 10,000 human rights abuse cases filed against them and ultimately lead to Moroccan and Algerian tensions for border control of Western Sahara. Under the rule of Hassan II, domestic disputes with Algeria were prevalent and international countries that dealt with Morocco took note of their civil rights cases.

Since the development of the constitutional monarchy King Hassan II and Mohammed VI have implemented changes to the constitution and have taken steps towards rebuilding the political culture in Morocco. Although established in 1962, the constitution was adjusted in 1970, 1972, 1992, and 1996. Morocco has increased its civil rights by granting equal political rights to both men and women. While in office Hassan II set up the Equity and Reconciliation Commission that investigated civil rights cases from his father’s era. Along with the investigation, Hassan II offered reparations for those who did suffer during the time. These acts have helped Morocco transmission from a time of authoritarian practice to a more liberal and democratic country. I believe that since Morocco is a country that has been influenced by many cultures during pre and post colonial periods, the development of their government and political culture can influence their international presence and relationships with other nations.



Reflections on political power and political culture


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