Eritrea and Uganda were both colonized by nations that left vacuums for civil war and exacerbated underlying issues. Linguistically, both Uganda and Eritrea retained colonial languages. But, today, the official language in Uganda is English and in Eritrea, Tigrinya is the spoken language. Both countries have been war-torn both before and after colonialism. Uganda had religious wars between Muslims and Christians and then between Catholics and Protestants. Eritrea had wars with Ethiopia before and after Italy colonized the horn. It was interesting to see that Italy entered Eritrea before both World Wars and there impact was met with differing opinions. Eritreans loved the Italian architecture and culture that was transferred to them, but hated the fact that Italians segregated education and kept the Eritreans a step beneath them. This prevented Eritreans from growing and developing their nation on their own: this forced Eritreans to rely on colonial powers.
Both nations developed sound transportation thanks to their colonial power’s technology and architecture. Railroads would remain important for trade and transportation for both countries. In Eritrea, Italians were excited to move to Africa and start new lives there and the government supported those moving from the homeland to Eritrea. In Uganda, the British deemed Uganda a place not suitable for white European settlement. Racism is always present with colonialism, but perhaps the British were more honest about their opinions (Italians just did not want to educate the Eritreans).
Uganda and Eritrea are countries that may blame their location for some conflicts. Uganda has been dragged into wars in the Congo, which it borders. Uganda has also dealt with military coupes after breaking from Britain in 1962. Eritrea gained complete independence in 1993. Uganda only had to deal with colonialism internally, whereas Eritrea saw Italian colonialism and the Ethiopians as enemies of the state.
Before colonialism, Eritrea fell under the Ottoman Empire, whereas Uganda was made up of separate tribal kingdoms. It is interesting to see that Uganda became independent much earlier than Eritrea, not because of colonial interference, but because of inter-continental disputes. Ethiopia in many ways, hindered Eritrean development more than the colonial Italians (who also inhibited development!). The British in Uganda seemed to be decent socially, but when they brought the plague to the nation, it crumbled Uganda. The bubonic plague destroyed the population, killing more than a million people. But, unlike the Italians, the British actually pushed religious conflict between Catholics and Muslims. Typical, the British favored the Protestants and put them in power, only to see Uganda become a more Catholic than Protestant nation.